El hallazgo permitirá entender cómo funciona la papa, un valioso miembro de la familia de las solanáceas, para identificar genes fundamentales que puedan perfeccionar el rendimiento y la sanidad, así como los aspectos nutricionales e industriales de la producción. Al mismo tiempo, el descubrimiento podría revolucionar tanto los programas de mejoramiento genético como la manera de explorar la diversidad del germoplasma.
«El INTA Balcarce ha participado en este proceso dentro de un consorcio internacional, creado por la Universidad de Wageningen y del cual participamos distintas instituciones», explicó Sergio Feingold, director del Laboratorio de Agro-Biotecnología de esa unidad y referente institucional del proyecto. Ese laboratorio contribuyó con la secuenciación parcial del cromosoma 3, la secuencia completa de la mitocondria y con la construcción de un mapa genético que identifica la localización de todos los fragmentos secuenciados por los socios del consorcio.
El consorcio de secuenciación del genoma de la papa comenzó este trabajo en 2006 y hoy, adelantándose un año a su programa, dio a conocer el primer borrador del genoma ensamblado. Ese documento se actualizará en los próximos meses a medida que se generen datos adicionales, incluyendo la anotación de los genes, identificación del transcriptoma y análisis de genes críticos a la producción de papa. De acuerdo con Feingold, «el acceso a esta información ayudará a los científicos en el mejoramiento de la productividad, la calidad, valor nutricional y resistencia a los patógenos de nuevas variedades».                                                                                                                                                Consultado acerca de los beneficios que implica semejante logro, Feingold detalló: «Vamos a poder identificar a todos los genes presentes en el genoma de la papa. Y esto trae muchas promesas: poder identificar aquellos genes relacionados con una mayor productividad, o productividad bajo condiciones de estrés, especialmente importante es lo que se refiere a sequía o altas temperaturas». 

Y más importante aún es que, como indicó el especialista, los mejoradores de papa podrán acortar los 10 o 12 años actualmente necesarios para obtener nuevas variedades.

Por otra parte, al contar con el «catálogo completo» de los genes que tiene la papa, la comunidad científica podría -por ejemplo- «mejorar la capacidad nutricional o conseguir mayor productividad, si bien eso es más difícil porque no están definidos los genes de productividad, pero sí podemos saber cuáles son los genes de resistencia a sequía que están definidos en otros cultivos», explicó Feingold.
En este sentido, destacó que «la papa es como la prima hermana del tomate y posee muchos genes parecidos, al igual que con otras solanáceas -tabaco, pimiento, berenjena-. O sea que la información puede traer beneficios extendidos a otras especies».                                                                                                                                                               Uno de los potenciales trabajos de investigación que se abrirán a partir del hallazgo estará ligado a la resistencia a enfermedades, «en vencer la resistencia bacteriana. También tenemos que pensar en la calidad nutricional o mejorar el producto desde el punto de vista de las necesidades de la industria», como la utilización del almidón como sustituto de los plásticos.
Sin dudas, uno de los ejes de la futura investigación estará sustentado en la búsqueda de resistencia a sequía. «Hoy podemos regar la papa pero el costo del agua de riego

cada vez va a ser mayor», reconoció Feingold.

56 Comentarios

  1. Hey there would you mind letting me know which webhost you’re
    working with? I’ve loaded your blog in 3 completely different internet browsers and
    I must say this blog loads a lot quicker then most.
    Can you recommend a good internet hosting provider at a honest price?
    Thanks, I appreciate it!

  2. Hi, I do believe this is a great web site. I stumbledupon it ;
    ) I will return yet again since I saved as a favorite it.
    Money and freedom is the best way to change, may you be rich and continue to help others.

  3. Today, I went to the beachfront with my kids. I found a sea shell and gave it to my
    4 year old daughter and said «You can hear the ocean if you put this to your ear.» She put the shell to her ear and screamed.
    There was a hermit crab inside and it pinched her ear. She never wants to go
    back! LoL I know this is entirely off topic but I had to tell someone!

  4. I’m curious to find out what blog platform you are utilizing?

    I’m having some minor security problems with my latest website
    and I would like to find something more risk-free.
    Do you have any suggestions?

  5. I loved as much as you will receive carried out right here.
    The sketch is attractive, your authored subject matter stylish.
    nonetheless, you command get got an impatience over that you wish be delivering
    the following. unwell unquestionably come more formerly again as exactly
    the same nearly very often inside case you shield this increase.

  6. I think that is among the such a lot vital info for me.
    And i am satisfied studying your article. But wanna remark on some common things, The web site style is wonderful, the articles is
    really great : D. Just right activity, cheers

  7. I am really inspired along with your writing
    abilities and also with the layout in your weblog.
    Is that this a paid subject matter or did you customize it yourself?

    Anyway stay up the nice quality writing, it is uncommon to
    peer a great weblog like this one nowadays..

  8. I’m really impressed with your writing abilities and also with the structure on your blog.

    Is that this a paid subject matter or did you modify it yourself?
    Either way keep up the nice high quality writing, it’s rare to
    look a nice weblog like this one nowadays..

  9. I’m impressed, I have to admit. Rarely do I come across a blog
    that’s equally educative and entertaining, and without
    a doubt, you have hit the nail on the head. The problem is something not enough men and
    women are speaking intelligently about. I’m very happy I stumbled across this in my hunt for something relating to this.

  10. Excellent blog you have here but I was curious about if you
    knew of any discussion boards that cover the same topics talked about here?
    I’d really love to be a part of online community where I can get suggestions from
    other knowledgeable individuals that share the same interest.
    If you have any recommendations, please let me know.

  11. Pretty section of content. I just stumbled upon your blog and in accession capital to assert that I acquire in fact enjoyed account your blog posts.

    Anyway I will be subscribing to your augment and even I achievement you access consistently rapidly.

  12. It is appropriate time to make some plans for the longer term and it is time to be happy.
    I have learn this submit and if I may I want to recommend you few interesting issues or suggestions.
    Perhaps you can write subsequent articles regarding this article.
    I desire to read more issues about it!

  13. hello!,I really like your writing very a lot!

    proportion we keep up a correspondence more about your post on AOL?
    I require an expert on this house to resolve my problem.
    May be that’s you! Looking ahead to peer you.

  14. Today, I went to the beach front with my kids.
    I found a sea shell and gave it to my 4 year old daughter
    and said «You can hear the ocean if you put this to your ear.» She placed the shell to her ear and screamed.
    There was a hermit crab inside and it pinched her ear. She
    never wants to go back! LoL I know this is entirely off topic but
    I had to tell someone!

  15. Have you ever considered writing an ebook or guest authoring on other websites?
    I have a blog centered on the same ideas you discuss and would really like to have you share
    some stories/information. I know my viewers
    would enjoy your work. If you are even remotely interested, feel free to shoot me an email.

  16. Howdy! Someone in my Myspace group shared this site with us so I
    came to look it over. I’m definitely loving the information. I’m bookmarking and will be tweeting this to my
    followers! Great blog and wonderful style and design.

  17. When I initially left a comment I appear to have clicked the -Notify me when new comments are added- checkbox and now whenever a comment is added I recieve 4 emails with the exact same comment.
    Is there a way you are able to remove me from that service?
    Thank you!

  18. Hey there! This is kind of off topic but I need some help from an established blog.
    Is it very difficult to set up your own blog?
    I’m not very techincal but I can figure things out pretty fast.
    I’m thinking about setting up my own but I’m not sure where to begin. Do you have
    any ideas or suggestions? Many thanks

  19. Do you mind if I quote a few of your articles as long as
    I provide credit and sources back to your weblog? My blog site is in the exact same
    area of interest as yours and my visitors would
    definitely benefit from a lot of the information you provide
    here. Please let me know if this ok with you. Many thanks!

  20. I think what you posted was very logical. But, think on this,
    suppose you were to create a killer post title? I ain’t saying your information isn’t solid., but suppose you
    added something that makes people desire more? I mean Se descubrió la secuencia del genoma
    de la papa
    – MinutoYA is a little boring. You should peek at Yahoo’s home page and watch how
    they write news headlines to get viewers to click.

    You might add a video or a related picture or
    two to grab people excited about everything’ve written. Just my opinion, it might make your posts a little
    bit more interesting.

  21. Just desire to say your article is as amazing. The
    clarity in your post is simply spectacular and i could assume you are an expert on this subject.

    Fine with your permission let me to grab your RSS feed to
    keep up to date with forthcoming post. Thanks a million and please continue
    the enjoyable work.

  22. Do you have a spam problem on this blog; I also am a blogger, and I was wanting to know your situation;
    we have developed some nice procedures and we are looking to trade
    techniques with other folks, why not shoot me an e-mail if interested.

  23. Howdy I am so thrilled I found your web site, I really found you by mistake,
    while I was researching on Yahoo for something else, Regardless I am here now and would just like to
    say thanks a lot for a remarkable post and a all round enjoyable blog (I also
    love the theme/design), I don’t have time to browse
    it all at the minute but I have bookmarked it and also added your RSS feeds, so
    when I have time I will be back to read more, Please do keep
    up the excellent jo.

  24. I must thank you for the efforts you’ve put in penning this blog.
    I really hope to view the same high-grade content from you later on as well.
    In fact, your creative writing abilities has motivated me to get
    my own blog now 😉

  25. Every weekend i used to pay a visit this website, for the
    reason that i want enjoyment, for the reason that this this web site conations really good funny data too.

  26. Woah! I’m really enjoying the template/theme of this website.
    It’s simple, yet effective. A lot of times it’s difficult
    to get that «perfect balance» between usability and visual
    appearance. I must say you have done a amazing job with this.
    Additionally, the blog loads super quick for me on Internet explorer.

    Superb Blog!

  27. Someone essentially assist to make critically posts I’d
    state. That is the very first time I frequented your website page and to this
    point? I surprised with the research you made to create this particular post incredible.
    Excellent activity!

  28. My developer is trying to persuade me to move to .net from PHP.
    I have always disliked the idea because of the costs.

    But he’s tryiong none the less. I’ve been using WordPress on a number of websites
    for about a year and am anxious about switching to another platform.
    I have heard fantastic things about blogengine.net.

    Is there a way I can transfer all my wordpress content into it?
    Any help would be really appreciated!

  29. Today, I went to the beach with my children. I found a
    sea shell and gave it to my 4 year old daughter and said «You can hear the ocean if you put this to your ear.» She put the shell to her ear and screamed.
    There was a hermit crab inside and it pinched her ear. She
    never wants to go back! LoL I know this is completely off
    topic but I had to tell someone!

Dejar respuesta

Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here