haiti1E60-4398-8F04-FB672C5308D8xx270xx0El Fondo de Naciones Unidas para la Infancia (Unicef) considera que en estos momentos la adopción internacional no es la solución para los niños haitianos huérfanos o abandonados tras el brutal terremoto de Haití. En el país más pobre de América antes de la tragedia había más de 380.000 niños huérfanos o abandonados. La prioridad es atenderles y encontrar a sus familiares.

«Nuestra prioridad en este momento es recoger y atender a todos los niños que deambulan por la calles. Cubrir sus necesidades de alimentación, sanitarias y psicológicas para posteriormente identificarlos», asegura Marta Arias, directora de Sensibilización de Unicef en España.

Aunque a muchos les cueste entenderlo, la adopción en este momento no es una opción para los niños de Haití y sólo se utilizará cuando todas las demás alternativas hayan fracasado. «El principal objetivo es tratar de encontrar a sus parientes y lograr la reunificación familiar», añade Arias.

Unicef hace este llamamiento después de que circulara información sobre países como Estados Unidos, Holanda o Canadá que están planteando procedimientos especiales para acelerar los trámites para adopciones de niños haitianos. En España, el servicio de adopciones de la Comunidad de Madrid está desbordado porque las solicitudes para ayudar a los niños haitianos se ha multiplicado por dos.

«En estos momentos de confusión, lo mejor para los pequeños es estar con sus familias, en su entorno. Sacarlos de su mundo con rapidez no es aconsejable», insisten desde Unicef.

En este tipo de emergencias, los niños son desgraciadamente los más vulnerables, especialmente aquéllos que han sido abandonados. En Haití, antes del devastador terremoto e incluso antes de las tragedias naturales que azotaron el país en 2008, había más de 380.000 niños huérfanos, de los cuáles sólo 50.000  estaban acogidos en instituciones públicas.

Pero hay otra dimensión de esta tragedia y es la de aquellas familias que ya tenían en regla todos sus papeles para traerse consigo en adopción a niños y niñas abandonados o huérfanos en los hospicios haitianos.

En este sentido las informaciones son muy confusas. De momento, se ha planteado acelerar la adopción de todos los casos que hayan pasado, hasta la fecha, los trámites necesarios exigidos. «No nos podemos precipitar y y debemos proteger a los pequeños de la actuación de las mafias. No queremos poner trabas ni burocratizar la situación sabemos que hay padres que actúan de buena fe y de corazón pero el tráfico de niños es una realidad», asegura Arias.

Desgraciadamente, en este tipo de catástrofes los pequeños son los más vulnerables. «Para evitar que se puedan producir casos de tráfico de niños nuestra postura, sea cual sea la situación, es la de favorecer la reunificación familiar», explican desde Unicef.

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