¿Quién es y que busca en el país la petrolera china que acaba de desembolsar US$ 3.100 millones para adquirir el 50 por ciento de Bridas, la petrolera de la familia Bulgheroni, que a su vez controla el 40 por ciento de Pan American Energy, la segunda productora de petróleo del país?

Esa operación fallida le dejó una lección al presidente de la corporación china, Fu Chengyu: utilizar asociaciones en lugar de adquisiciones para lograr el acceso a los recursos petroleros que China necesita.

En los últimos cuatro años y computando la operación con los Bulgheroni, CNOOC lleva desembolsados 6.600 millones de dólares en adquisiciones en tres continentes. La compañía china no ha buscado en ningún caso una posición controlante en ninguna de esas operaciones, desde el intento fallido por comprar UNOCAL, una operación que fue fuertemente rechazada por legisladores de los Estados Unidos.

Según descubre Martín Boerr, experto de Latinforme, en un extenso análisis de la operación, las compras de CNOOC no se detendrán aquí. Fu ya avisó que están mirando más oportunidades alrededor del mundo y que han realizado buenos progresos en algunas posibles operaciones.

Las empresas chinas invirtieron un record de 32.000 millones el año pasado para comprar campos petroleros, minas de carbón y metales en África, Asia y Australia, generando preocupaciones sobre el control que están ganando en los recursos naturales del mundo.

«La cooperación con Bridas es un paso importante en nuestro plan por ser globales», les dijo Yang a periodistas en una conferencia telefónica. «El acuerdo agregará valor a largo plazo a nuestros accionistas», dijo el ejecutivo.

La oferta sobre Bridas valúa sus reservas probadas en 10 dólares por barril, alrededor de la mitad de lo que pagó British Petroleum por los activos en Brasil, el Golfo de México y Azerbaijan en poder de Devon Energy.

CNOOC estima que la inversión en Bridas le sumará 318 millones de barriles, un incremento de 12 por ciento en su capacidad de reservas. La firma china tiene reservas probadas de 2.520 millones de barriles a fines de 2008 y una producción promedio de 530.728 barriles.

China depende de las importaciones para más de la mitad del petróleo crudo que consume, con embarques mensuales que alcanzan los 20,9 millones de barriles.

Latinforme también se ocupa de la Argentina, «un país rico en recursos naturales, pero que al mismo tiempo no se ha destacado por gerenciar esos recursos de forma estratégica». Pone como ejemplo que la semana pasada YPF ya estaba importando combustibles, «una muestra más de esta deficiencia en las políticas públicas».

Mientras, «al otro lado de la frontera, Brasil se prepara para recibir millonarias inversiones y Petrobrás -controlada por el Estado-, no para de hacer crecer sus reservas de petróleo»


CNOCC hace rato que quiere poner un pie en la Argentina. Había estado en tratativas para quedarse con YPF, pero las versiones extraoficiales indican que no hubo acuerdo por el precio de la principal petrolera del país. Antes, en 2005, fracasó en su intento por comprar UNOCAL Corp. en Estados Unidos, por 18.500 millones de dólares.

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