cruzadoargEl organismo detectó que el 21% de las operaciones de exportación se registran a precios inferiores a los estipulados en los valores de referencia. Y sólo por comercializadores que operan como monotributistas y no tienen el alta en el Impuesto a las Ganancias, el perjuicio fiscal sería de casi US$ 1.225.000.

La Administración Federal de Ingresos Públicos (AFIP) pone la lupa en la comercialización de caballos de polo y turf, un negocio que mueve millones y que muchas veces se desenvuelve en una trama de informalidad, falta de registración de operaciones, evasión de impuestos y movimientos de divisas.

En un análisis de las declaraciones juradas de los propietarios y criadores, en los que se evalúa si los ingresos declarados son acordes a los niveles de vida y gastos que estas personas exhiben, se identificaron 144 contribuyentes que realizaron operaciones por montos superiores a los US$ 20.000.

De la investigación surgió que 108 se encontraban inscriptos en el Impuesto a las Ganancias; pero de ellos, 38 (36%) no habían presentado la declaración jurada.

Además, se identificaron a 13 contribuyentes que no tenían el alta en ese impuesto y a 23 Monotributistas – en el momento en que se hizo el análisis, la categoría más alta de Monotributo permitía facturar hasta $144.000 anuales.

El perjuicio fiscal por irregularidades en las declaraciones juradas del Impuesto a las Ganancias y sobre los Bienes Personales (vencidas a mayo de 2009) de ese grupo de contribuyentes sería de US$ 1.225.000

Por otra parte, la Aduana, implementó mecanismos de control en cada uno de los pasos de la cadena de exportación de pura sangre para polo o turf y detectó que el 21% de las operaciones se registran a precios inferiores a los estipulados en los valores de referencia.

Teniendo en cuenta que de enero a octubre de este año se vendieron 1443 ejemplares por US$ 18.297.965; 302 animales se declararon a valores inferiores a los que establece la norma.

Los valores criterio o de referencia responden a mecanismos preventivos para combatir la declaración incorrecta de los precios de las mercaderías que se exportan.
Si bien, desde su implementación se logró un acercamiento entre el valor real de los equinos y el monto que los exportadores declaran; hay operaciones que se realizan por debajo de los montos publicados por la Dirección General de Aduanas.

Los valores de referencia contemplan diferentes características del ejemplar, por ejemplo su edad, performance, particularidades de la raza y premios importantes que hayan ganado. Estas cifras, en el caso de los caballos de polo, parten de los US$ 5.000 (para los que participan en competencias inferiores) y llegan a los US$ 15.000 para los de alta competencia. Hay que tener en cuenta que los precios de referencia siempre son mínimos y no topes.

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