Fue durante un congreso organizado por la UBA. Oscar Oslak, descartó posibles nacionalizaciones y afirmó que «las condiciones de nuestro país son bastante distintas” que las de Venezuela. «El Estado argentino no ha buscado activamente reestatizar empresas”.

Las medidas tomadas por el gobierno nacional para enfrentar la crisis externa van por «buen camino» y los temores de sectores privados respecto a eventuales estatización de empresas «son infundados», coincidieron hoy economistas de distintas tendencias que participaron de un congreso organizado por Facultad de Economía de la Universidad de Buenos Aires (UBA).

En el primer día de debate de Econ 2009 -que se extenderá hasta el viernes- se analizó el `Rol del Estado` en el marco de la crisis. Al respecto, el vicedecano de Económicas, Miguel Angel Vicente, dijo a Télam que «las medidas tomadas son buenas».

Entre ellas citó las líneas de créditos para distintos sectores y puntualizó que en caso de anunciarse créditos para el rango hipotecario, «deberán darse condiciones como el mantenimiento del empleo y una baja tasa de interés para que funcionen».

Por su parte, Oscar Oslak, director de la maestría en Administración Pública, se refirió al malestar que generó la estatización de empresas en Venezuela, al afirmar que «es un experimento que habrá que seguir de cerca para ver los resultados».

Respecto a la posibilidad de que la medida sea replicada en Argentina, Oslak dijo «las condiciones de nuestro país son bastante distintas y no estoy inclinado a pensar en que se sigan políticas similares a Venezuela».

«El Estado (argentino) no ha buscado activamente reestatizar empresas, la vuelta a algunas de ellos se debe más a los errores cometidos por las mismas empresas y en parte por políticas anteriores de otros gobiernos», agregó el economista.

En tanto, Víctor Beker -docente de la Universidad de Belgrano- evaluó que la presión de algunos sectores para subir el tipo de cambio «no tienen demasiado fundamento» debido a que «no se ve que haya un retraso cambiario a punto tal que el Banco Central tiene que intervenir para comprar el excedente de divisas».

«Además el real se ha devaluado con respecto del dólar o sea que no veo problemas del tipo de cambio», agregó. En lo que respecta a la crisis internacional, dijo que ha habido una «mejora en los valores de los commodities, de la materia prima, que han subido y generan más ingreso de divisas y repercute en el superávit del sector público».

Por su parte, Oslak sumó que «las exportaciones tuvieron un fuerte crecimiento este último mes por de la mano de la liquidación de una parte de la cosecha agropecuaria, en particular de la soja».

Los disertantes insistieron en la necesidad de que el Estado intervenga utilizando distintos mecanismos, «a veces incluso contra los capitalistas individuales a los efectos de garantizar la reproducción del sistema capitalista como tal».

«Para eso podrá privatizar, estatizar, a veces adoptar medidas directas sobre los Estados, a veces se podrá convertir en un estado regulador más que en otros momentos, etc», ejemplificó Oslak.

(Telam)

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