Las elegidas van de la Geofísica a la Enfermería, de la Enología a la Balística y, de ahí, a la Arquitectura y las Ingenierías (alentadas por un programa de becas de la Nación). Las tradicionales siguen siendo dominantes desde el número bruto, pero en varias de ellas la cantidad de ingresantes decae.

Los estudiantes universitarios argentinos son selectivos y sofisticados al momento de elegir una carrera universitaria.

Su elección va de la Geofísica a la Enfermería, de la Enología a la Balística y, de ahí, a la Arquitectura y las Ingenierías (alentadas por un programa de becas de la Nación).

Las carreras tradicionales siguen siendo dominantes desde el número bruto. Pero en varias de ellas la cantidad de ingresantes decae mientras que otras, de nombres y objetos de estudio desconocidos para muchos, tienen subas porcentuales notables, según el diario Clarín.

Esto surge de acuerdo al análisis comparativo 2003/2007 de inscriptos en todas las universidades del país, un documento del Ministerio de Educación, el último disponible. Lo corroboran también distintas universidades consultadas por Clarín.

«No podemos ir en contra de la vocación, pero sí orientar. El estudiante tiene que saber que hoy al estudiar una ingeniería en suelo, o geofísica, tiene un futuro», dijo Alberto Dibbern, secretario de Políticas Universitarias del Ministerio de Educación.

El programa nacional de Becas Bicentenario, con apoyos al estudio de carreras consideradas estratégicas -que empieza en $ 500 por mes por alumno y termina en $ 1.200- explica parte del fenómeno.

Algunos datos surgen del relevamiento oficial. Crecieron de modo exponencial carreras muy nuevas, aunque en números absolutos los inscriptos son todavía pocos.

Es el caso de enología y frutihorticultura (420%, de 73 ingresantes en 2003 pasó a 380 en 2007); martillero público (283 %, de 1.433 a 5.493); geofísica (211%, de 42 a 131), balística (159%, de 91 a 236) y organización de la producción (104%, de 1.638 a 3.349).

Mientras que en otros casos, el porcentaje es menor, pero la cantidad de alumnos es más elevada: Nutrición (62%, de 2.914 a 4.721); Ingeniería mecánica (43%, de 2.387 a 3.425) y Comercio exterior (20,6%, de 2.508 a 3.025).

Un caso singular es la carrera de enfermería que, alentada por planes de becas oficiales, aumentó un 35% (de 10.082 a 13.622).

Fernando Gasalla, del Equipo de Orientación Vocacional y Apoyo Pedagógico de la Universidad de General Sarmiento, explicó: «Se combina un principismo, el qué me gustaría hacer, con un pragmatismo: qué tengo cerca de casa y qué me puede dar trabajo».

Francisco Lavolpe, secretario académico de la Universidad Nacional de Lomas de Zamora (UNLZ), comentó: «El estudiante busca en la zona y cambia. El que estudiaba publicidad, va a turismo; el de comunicación, a diseño audiovisual. Se advierte en el joven tiene una enorme expectativa, quiere estar mejor; prevalece la idea del ascenso social y el prestigio que da la universidad».

En la Universidad Nacional de Quilmes (UNQ), Sara Pérez, secretaria académica, rescató «la lectura que hacen los estudiantes de la realidad nacional e internacional; perciben, por ejemplo, que el comercio internacional es importante en una economía global; vemos crecer el interés en áreas como Terapia ocupacional, Biotecnología y nuestra estrella en ascenso, la tecnicatura universitaria en Programación informática».

Aunque en ciertas carreras tradicionales se observa un declive. Medicina cayó un 21% (de 13.484 a 10.597); comunicación social bajó el 21% (de 12.504 a 9.828) y derecho, el 6% (de 44.292 a 41.523). «Mirando los grandes números parecería que se conservan las propuestas habituales, pero en carreras pequeñas se ven modificaciones importantes», dice Edith Litwin, secretaria académica de la UBA.

«Por ejemplo, producción general orgánica pasó de casi nada a 87 inscriptos. O la licenciatura en edición, que tiene 108 nuevos estudiantes. Las carreras más convencionales, las de prestigio, siguen siendo atractivas. Pero estamos tratando de alentar la creación de otras, los nuevos cruces disciplinarios y profesionales, lo que tiene que tener relación con el desarrollo económico y tecnológico del país».

Lavolpe defiende la necesidad de una orientación de la oferta académica en la educación superior. «Hay que tener herramientas de estímulo para los sectores que lo necesitan y de control para los que no», concluyó.

(Telam)

49 Comentarios

  1. Hello, I think your site might be having browser compatibility issues.

    When I look at your blog in Firefox, it looks fine but when opening in Internet Explorer,
    it has some overlapping. I just wanted to give you a quick heads up!
    Other then that, terrific blog!

  2. An intriguing discussion is definitely worth comment. I do
    think that you need to write more about this topic, it may not be a taboo subject
    but usually folks don’t discuss such subjects. To the next!
    Cheers!!

  3. I’m not sure where you’re getting your info, but good topic.

    I needs to spend some time learning more or understanding more.
    Thanks for wonderful info I was looking for this info for my mission.

  4. Hello there! This is my first visit to your blog!
    We are a group of volunteers and starting a new initiative in a community in the same niche.
    Your blog provided us beneficial information to work
    on. You have done a outstanding job!

  5. Hello! I know this is kinda off topic but I was wondering which blog platform are you using
    for this site? I’m getting fed up of WordPress because I’ve
    had issues with hackers and I’m looking at options for another platform.
    I would be fantastic if you could point me in the direction of a
    good platform.

  6. We are a group of volunteers and opening a new scheme
    in our community. Your web site provided us with valuable information to work on. You have performed a formidable task and our entire group might be grateful to you.

  7. Can I simply just say what a comfort to uncover somebody who
    actually understands what they’re discussing on the web.
    You definitely understand how to bring an issue to light and make it important.
    More and more people should read this and understand this side of your
    story. It’s surprising you aren’t more popular
    because you most certainly possess the gift.

  8. Thank you for another fantastic article. Where else may anybody get
    that type of info in such an ideal approach of writing?
    I have a presentation subsequent week, and I’m on the search
    for such information.

  9. Simply desire to say your article is as amazing. The clarity in your submit is just
    great and i can suppose you are an expert in this subject. Well along with your permission allow
    me to clutch your feed to keep up to date with impending post.
    Thank you 1,000,000 and please keep up the
    enjoyable work.

  10. I’ve been browsing online more than 3 hours today, yet I never found any interesting article like yours.
    It’s pretty worth enough for me. In my view, if all webmasters and bloggers made
    good content as you did, the internet will be much more useful than ever before.

  11. Can I just say what a comfort to discover an individual who truly understands what they are
    discussing on the web. You definitely know how to bring an issue to light
    and make it important. More and more people need to read this and understand
    this side of the story. I can’t believe you’re not more popular because you certainly have the gift.

  12. We’re a group of volunteers and starting a
    new scheme in our community. Your web site
    offered us with valuable info to work on. You’ve
    done a formidable job and our entire community will be grateful to you.

  13. I’m not sure exactly why but this web site is loading extremely slow for me.
    Is anyone else having this issue or is it a issue on my end?
    I’ll check back later and see if the problem still exists.

  14. Wow, incredible blog format! How long have you been running a blog
    for? you made blogging glance easy. The overall glance of your
    site is excellent, let alone the content!

  15. A fascinating discussion is worth comment. I think that you should
    publish more about this issue, it might not be a taboo matter but generally folks
    don’t talk about these subjects. To the next! Kind regards!!

  16. Hi! This post could not be written any better! Reading this post
    reminds me of my old room mate! He always kept talking about this.

    I will forward this post to him. Pretty sure he will have a good read.
    Thanks for sharing!

  17. Terrific article! This is the kind of info that are meant to be shared around
    the net. Disgrace on the search engines for
    now not positioning this submit higher! Come on over and
    talk over with my web site . Thanks =)

  18. Thanks for a marvelous posting! I definitely enjoyed reading it, you will be a
    great author. I will always bookmark your blog and may
    come back someday. I want to encourage one to continue your
    great writing, have a nice day!

  19. With havin so much content and articles do you
    ever run into any problems of plagorism or copyright violation? My
    blog has a lot of exclusive content I’ve either written myself or outsourced but it seems a lot
    of it is popping it up all over the web without my agreement.
    Do you know any ways to help prevent content from being ripped off?
    I’d genuinely appreciate it.

  20. I blog quite often and I genuinely thank you for your content.
    This great article has truly peaked my interest. I’m going to book mark
    your site and keep checking for new information about
    once per week. I opted in for your RSS feed too.

  21. Hmm it looks like your blog ate my first comment (it was extremely long) so
    I guess I’ll just sum it up what I wrote and say, I’m thoroughly
    enjoying your blog. I too am an aspiring blog writer but I’m still new to everything.
    Do you have any recommendations for first-time blog writers?
    I’d certainly appreciate it.

  22. With havin so much content and articles do you ever run into any
    problems of plagorism or copyright infringement? My blog has a lot
    of completely unique content I’ve either authored myself or outsourced but it looks like a lot of it is popping it up all over the web without my authorization. Do
    you know any techniques to help reduce content from being stolen?
    I’d definitely appreciate it.

Dejar respuesta

Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here