eric_clapton___unplugged_front_1El Gobierno decidió abrir los archivos con los temas censurados durante el Proceso. De Palito Ortega a Daniel Viglietti, las razones de los jerarcas para definir qué se podía escuchar y qué artistas quedaban excluidos. En el listado figuran temas nacionales e internacionales catalogados como: “Cantables cuyas letras se consideran no aptas para ser difundidas por los servicios de radiodifusión”. Cualquier persona puede acceder a las mismas ingresando al sitio web del Comfer (www.comfer.gov.ar).El Gobierno difundió por primera vez el archivo original con las canciones censuradas durante la última dictadura militar.

En ese listado de siete hojas figuran éxitos de autores que van desde León Gieco hasta Luis Alberto Spinetta, pasando por César Isella, Cacho Castaña, Eric Clapton, Queen y Pink Floyd, entre tantos otros. “Nunca nadie se había ocupado del tema de manera institucional. Para nosotros tiene una relevancia cultural, política y social. No tiene otra finalidad que abrir archivos que hasta ahora habían sido vedados”, señaló a Crítica de la Argentina el titular del Comité Federal de Radiodifusión (Comfer), Gabriel Mariotto.

Las listas negras –unas hojas tamaño A4 con el membrete de Presidencia de la Nación en el ángulo superior izquierdo– llevan el título: “Cantables cuyas letras se consideran no aptas para ser difundidas por los servicios de radiodifusión”. Cualquier persona puede acceder a las mismas ingresando al sitio web del Comfer (www.comfer.gov.ar).

Probablemente llamen más la atención los temas de la línea melódica, como por ejemplo “Si te agarro con otro te mato”, de Cacho Castaña. El cantante no podía interpretar a un marido machista, violento y celoso (“Si te agarro con otro te mato, te doy una paliza y después me escapo”) en tiempos en que la dictadura se arrogaba la facultad de decidir sobre la vida y la muerte de las personas.

Pese a que varios de sus temas fueron hit durante el denominado Proceso de Reorganización Nacional, Palito Ortega también fue impedido de difundir el pegadizo “Loco por tu culpa”. Los jerarcas militares lo justificaron por la visión que allí se ofrecía de la juventud y también por las incorrecciones en el uso del idioma, ya que se apela al lunfardo. (“Me estoy volviendo ‘colo’ por tu culpa/ te llamo a tu ‘saca’ y no estás/ te busco por la ‘yeca’ y no te encuentro/ decime, por la ‘cheno’ ¿dónde vas?”)

La exaltación corporal en desmedro de la relación fraternal también impidió la difusión de “Jamás”, una canción melosa de Camilo Sesto que suplicaba “Jamás, jamás, mis manos han sentido/ más piel que tu piel/ porque hasta en sueños te he sido fiel”.

En el listado figuran temas de León Gieco (“Canción de amor para Francisca y su hijita”; “Tema de los mosquitos; “Las dulces promesas” y “La historia esta”) y Charly García (“Viernes 3 AM”), dos paradigmas del rock nacional.

El Comfer de la dictadura veía fantasmas en la poesía como en el rock and roll certero y directo. De eso puede rendir cuentas Luis Alberto Spinetta, a quien le censuraron “Me gusta ese tajo” de los tiempos de Pescado Rabioso. (“Me gusta ese tajo/ que ayer conocí/ Me gusta ese tajo/que ayer conocí/ Ella me calienta/la quiero invitar a dormir”.)

Armando Tejada Gómez y César Isella también fueron perseguidos, aunque por sus prosas revolucionarias. Las radios no podían pasar el combativo “Triunfo agrario” (“¡Hay que dar vuelta el viento como la taba, el que no cambia todo, no cambia nada!”).

Numerosos autores internacionales tampoco escaparon a las tijeras de la dictadura. El virtuoso Eric Clapton y su

interpretación del hit “Cocaine” (Ella no miente, ella no miente, ella no miente. Cocaína) o Pink Floyd, aunque el texto lo mencione como Pik Floyd, por “The Wall, son apenas dos ejemplos.

El único tema cuya letra aparece detallada, como si para los militares fuera más grave que el resto, es el bailable “Wake up”, de Jankel ¿Qué dice de peligroso el estribillo? “Levántate, y haz el amor conmigo”.

DE ROCK, AMORES Y DENUNCIAS. Dentro de las listas negras de la dictadura que difundió el Comité Federal de Radiodifusión aparecen los siguientes temas:

• “Cara de tramposo, ojos de atorrante” (Cacho Castaña)

• “Amor libre” (Camilo Sesto)

• “Chamarrita del milico” (Alfredo Zitarrosa)

• “Tonadas de Manuel Rodríguez” (Vicente Bianchi y Pablo Neruda)

• “Mi Luna” (Manolo Galván)

• “Gilito de Barrio Norte” (María Elena Walsh)

• “Compañera mía” (Alberto Cortez)

• “Ayer nomás” (Moris y Pipo)

• “Mía” (Nicola Di Bari)

• “Sangre de minero” (Horacio Guarany)

• “El triunfo del alambre” (Carlos Di Fulvio)

• “Camarada” (Charles Aznavour)

• “El montón” (Cátulo Castillo)

• “Cruz de luz” (Daniel Viglietti)

• “Bésame amor” (John Lennon y Yoko Ono)

• “Echa a tu madre” (Queen)

• “¿Crees que soy sexy?” (Rod Stewart)

• “Pequeño Superman” (José Luis Perales)

• “La canción de los tontos” (Katunga)

• “Alcen la bandera” (Ariel Ramírez)

También figuran temas “no aptos en horario de protección al menor”, como “Que no me llame tu mujer” (Tormenta), “Su primer desengaño” (Sandro) y “Amor a plena luz” (Camilo Sesto).

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